Tag Archives: Video

African Wildlife Encounter #2: African Wild Dogs with Puppy

On this day while in Tembe Elephant Park we were working to habituate three African Wild Dogs (also called Painted Dogs) to the sound of the vehicle. The goal was to get them used to our vehicle so that we could both identify all the members of the pack, check their health, and eventually dart them for translocation to a safer area. To do this, we routinely had to locate the alpha female which wears a radio-collar and place parts from a dead Nyala or Impala on the ground, chained or tied to a tree.

A recording of Painted Dogs making a kill was played and usually after 10-20 minutes the pack would have found us and sniffed out the free food. This was the first time that we saw the puppy come out from its den.

Painted Dog pups typically den for their first several weeks, suckling from their mother and, when they’re old enough, eating food regurgitated to them from their older pack members or small bits of food brought back for them. After only a couple of months they must be strong enough to follow the pack’s nomadic lifestyle and keep up on the exciting hunts. Once old enough to keep up with the pack, Painted Dogs typically let the youngest eat first to make sure that they have enough nourishment, which is why we see the adult deferring to the youngest member. The twittering sounds heard int his video mostly come from this feisty pup who is excited to have this feast and also bravely guarding his meal!

Like their canine cousins, Painted Dogs give birth to several pups per litter. Unfortunately the little pup in the video, probably 8-12 weeks old, was the only survivor. While it’s not uncommon for pups to be lost due to weakness or disease, it’s most likely that predator persecution by lions was the cause of this pup losing its siblings.

The pup was very strong and active during the observation period, as shown in this video. The high-pitched vocalizations that are heard are characteristic of Painted Dogs and serve as a means of expressing excitement over their meal and letting others in the pack know that there is food to share.

More Information:

Many people have mistaken the African Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus) as a diseased Wolf, Domestic Dog, or even Jackal. However there are several defining visual characteristics which set the African Wild Dog apart from its distant relatives in the Canidae family. The most obvious feature is the coloration of its coat. Often they have three distinct colors represented: white, black, and tan, although there are some dogs with little or no white. Close-up, it’s also easier to make out their ears which are larger than a similarly-sized dog’s or wolf’s and much more rounded than triangular.

African Wild Dogs are better described by their other name, “Painted Dogs,” because they are naturally wild and evolved independently from the other extant species in the Canidae family, which includes Wolves, Jackals, Coyotes, and Domestic Dogs. Painted Dogs live in packs with usually around a dozen members, but packs have been observed with three times that many members. They are among Africa’s most successful hunters. Painted Dogs achieve their goals at least 30% of the time, about twice as often as large cats including Lions which may hunt as a pride.

Unlike Lions and other species that live in a close-knit group, Painted Dogs often let their young eat first. This suggests that the dogs are not only grouping for social reasons, but because they are stronger as a pack and only as strong as their weakest member.

Working on the Front-Line Against Rhino Poaching

In 2013 I had the opportunity to volunteer with the International Anti Poaching Foundation in southern Africa as part of their Green Army program. It put a group of volunteers in roles where we carried out basic, day-to-day activities like sweeping through kilometers of knee-high and chest-high grass looking for snares and patrolling roads, creeks, and kopie (a large rocky out-cropping) for signs of intrusion to poorly protected properties.

Undisclosed Private Reserve
A large koppie — rocky outcropping — in the distance. The guinea pig-like Rock Hyrax (known colloquially as a “dassie”) love these areas.

I learned a lot and it wasn’t only about local conservation methods, invasive species of flora, how to track animals, and even track people. I also learned how difficult it is, first hand, to be out in the bush every day and to have all the odds against you. Although our cause was objectively moral, we were still on the losing side of things and that was emphasized every time we came across the carcass of an animal that maybe we were a couple days too late to save. Or when we found snares that had gone unnoticed by reserve employees for so long that trees had grown around the metal. And that was in what I consider to be only a moderate-risk area.

The below video, titled “Kruger the Eastern Frontier,” is one that the IAPF posted to their YouTube channel and goes into more detail about an area of southern Africa that is probably *the most high-risk* for rhino poaching. The video goes into more detail than I can express in a few paragraphs or even in several pages and explains the situation of this area and why the “life expectancy of a rhino wandering through this fence is less than half a day.” (Please be aware that the video contains some very graphic images in the beginning.)

It’s hard to believe it’s come to that. In 2013 there were 1,004 rhino poached in the country of South Africa alone. There are no statistics for Mozambique, which is rife with violence.

Related Posts:

Overview: Poaching in Africa and Asia

If you would like to learn more about efforts to stop poaching, please take a look at the Objective page and learn why conservation is important and how anti-poaching methods can assist in protecting the world’s wildlife and improve standards of living for humans. If you’re ready to make a commitment to preserving our wildlife, take a look at the Conservation Organizations & Wildlife Rehabilitation Centers featured on the Donate page and choose one that suits you. If you’re ready to get involved in your own adventure then jump over to the Get Involved page.